Law Enforcement in Your Program

Probation is a critical piece of a successful Drug Court. From administering drug tests to doing home visits, from performing random searches to asking participants about their successes and offering support, the probation officer provides accountability, supervision, and encouragement. This session will outline the role of the probation officer in a Drug Court and offer advice and insight on how to enhance participant outcomes with a strong probation presence.  Law enforcement, probation, and other community supervision partnerships are critical to any successful Drug Court. This session focuses on the importance of strengthening the role of law enforcement and community supervision and assisting probation officers and law enforcement in better understanding their role in the Drug Court arena.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Learn the critical role of the probation officer in Drug Court.
  2. Identify ways to enhance drug court outcomes by incorporating effective supervision techniques.
  3. Identify strategies for successful community supervision with probation and law enforcement.

Presenter(s):  Vanessa Price, NDCI

Location:  Clarkdale

THC- A New Perspective

In recent years state laws have been passed legalizing medicinal and recreational marijuana use.  Changes in these laws have produced trends in the way people obtain marijuana and also the development of products that contain THC including edibles and concentrates.  This presentation will focus on the various products that can be purchased at a dispensary and the varying THC concentrations that can be present. Information regarding regulation of these products will be discussed as well as overdose concerns.

Learning Objectives:

  1. The attendee will be more familiar with the varying THC concentrations that can be present in THC products.
  2. The attendee will be more familiar with regulations surrounding THC containing products.
  3. The attendee will have a more complete understanding of the concerns regarding products containing high concentrations of THC.

Presenter(s):  Jamie Anderson, TASC

Location:  Cottonwood

Presentation:   THC- A New Perspective

Determining the Target Population & Alternative Tracks

This session outlines the importance of creating a problem-solving court to specifically cater to the offending population that the juridsiction needs to serve.  The presenter will discuss the various methods of establishing and targeting the desired offender population and how to incorporate them into the chosen drug court model.

Learning Objectives:

-Use a targeting process to capture the population desired for acceptance into the treatment court.

-Identify qualifying and disqualifying criteria to include in the program eligiblity criteria and the strengths and weaknessos of different eligibity philosophies.

-Recognize different types of treatment court models and the strengths and advantages of each with respect to the entry process and target population.

Presenter(s):  Karen Cowgill, NDCI Senior Consultant

Location:  Sedona

Presentation:  Determining the Target Population & Alternative Tracks

Motivational Interviewing for Dealing with Common Psychological Problems

From its origins in substance abuse treatment, motivational interviewing (MI) and related procedures have positively influenced the way treatment is conducted, resulting in enhanced treatment engagement and outcomes, As a result, the use of MI has been successfully used to help people dealing with a wide range of psychological problems including anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behavior, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, gambling addictions, schizophrenia, and dual diagnoses. This workshop will review frequently encountered clinical problems and contexts seen in problem solving courts and demonstrate how MI components can be integrated into the process of clinical decision making and problem solving to help court participants be successful while reducing recidivism in the criminal justice system.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify ways to use MI principles, techniques and strategies to treat common psychological issues that problem solving court clients present with
  2. Generate increased empathy for problem solving court clients who are “resistant” to change
  3. Identify helper behaviors that enhance motivation to change.

Presenter(s): Dr. Lawrence Sideman

Location:  Verde A/B

Presentation:  Motivational Interviewing for Dealing with Common Psychological Problems

Collective Impact & Collaborating with the Country’s First 24/7 Opioid Treatment Program

In October of 2018, Community Medical Services opened the Nation’s first Opioid Treatment on Demand (OTOD) clinic. The concept of this clinic was developed to facilitate warm hand-off referrals from high-risk touchpoints such as problem-solving courts, hospitals, police, fire departments, and jails. Since expanding to a 24/7 model, Community Medical Services has conducted over 3500 intakes outside of normal business hours. The presentation will provide an in-depth analysis around data collected from almost 18 months of operations and innovative programs developed with other system partners. Audience members will be able to identify and brainstorm gaps in treatment in their own communities that 24/7 services could support for client referrals and system partner support. Attendees will also be provided outcome data from the MAT-PDOA Grant.

Learning Objectives:

Summarize and analyze multiple data points such as the number of treatment attempts before in-taking at the OTOD, what time of the day people seek treatment, what day of the week, geographical location, referral source, history of use, and others.

Identify high-risk touch points for people having negative opioid related encounters and how to integrate with the agencies responding to those encounters.

Presenter(s):  Michael C. White

Location:  Prescott

Presentation:  Collective Impact & Collaborating with the Country’s First 24/7 Opioid Treatment Program

A Rural Hybrid Specialty Court’s Approach in Targeting High Risk & High Need Referrals

The Recovery Court in Coconino County would like to share their experience in targeting High Risk/Need participants in a culturally diverse population.  Our population has a high percentage of DUI offenses, Mental Health Disorders, Trauma and Poly-Substance Disorders. We have learned how to serve their needs with a graduation rate of 78% over the last 18 years.  The program uses several Evidence-Based tools and an exhaustive social history interview to ensure appropriate placement. Learn how we onboard our participants into stabilization, relapse prevention and graduation.  We have an array of data to share regarding how these tools have ensured the correct individuals are targeted. Comparison results will be shown that outline the IDA against the OST, ASUS-R, DSM-5 in screening the correct participants.

Learning Objectives:

  1. The attendees will learn how to use a variety of that target the right population.
  2. The attendees will learn how the Impaired Driving Assessment assists in targeting high risk/high need participants
  3. The attendees will learn how the NADCP’s recommended phasing system is implanted in this Hybrid Specialty court.

Presenter(s):  Sixto Valdivia

Location:  Granite Mountain

Presentation:  A Rural Hybrid Specialty Court

The Future of Drug Courts

Drug courts are the most successful criminal justice innovation in at least a generation, but they are facing new pressures. Across the country, justice reforms are changing how drug cases are handled–reclassifying drug crimes from felonies to misdemeanors, reducing sentences, and creating other diversion programs to remove drug cases from the system. These changes have led to reduced enrollment in many drug courts and questions about how drug courts should respond to the changing legal landscape. In response, the Center for Court Innovation has launched a new effort to explore the future of the drug court model. In this session, the Center’s director of technical assistance will discuss a variety of strategies for adapting the drug court model in the face of these contemporary challenges.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Learn how drug courts are being impacted by criminal justice reforms;
  2. Identify several strategies for adapting drug courts to a changing legal landscape;
  3. Discuss how these strategies could be implemented in their own courts.

Presenter(s):  Aaron Arnold, Center for Court Intervention

Location:  Clarkdale

Married with Children: Marriage Between Probation and Clinical Terms

Marrying the mental health and criminal justice systems can be a daunting task.  It requires significant communication, a willingness to collaborate, clear delineation of duties and an understanding of various roles and responsibilities in relation to the probationer’s needs.  The dynamic between specially trained SMI probation officers and a Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (FACT) team allows for such an approach. The clinical approach that focuses on harm reduction paired with the risk reduction from probation allows for comprehensive supervision and assistance that can positively impact the probationer’s recidivism rate, stability and overall well-being.  The positive change that can be achieved through this work can have a life-long impact for those who are not able to help themselves.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Outline the roles and responsibilities of probation officers with the SMI population.
  2. Outline the roles and responsibilities of PO’s and clinical teams with the justice involved SMI population.
  3. Explain how to marry the mental health system and the criminal justice system and why it is crucial to their success.

Presenter(s): Jessica Ethington, Ryan Valley, Jeremy Reed

Location:  Cottonwood

Preserving Families- Preventing Dependencies: The Dependency Alternative Program

DAP is the result of a collaborative process of stakeholders and was created due to 20% of dependency cases dismissed pre-adjudication and the trauma those families experienced. These cases were costly in time, money, and resources. DAP recognized barriers encountered by families in accessing the judicial system to assure the safety of children without a dependency. Since implementation in 2015, it has proven to be tremendously successful.  

Learning Objectives:

  1. Participants will learn the reasons why the Dependency Alternative Program was created in Pima County and the goals for the program.
  2. Understand the program development process for possible application in other counties.  
  3. Participants will understand how to screen appropriate cases and the roles of the court, DCS, and community partners and will receive information about the success of DAP in preventing dependencies.

Presenter(s):  Kathleen Quigley & Stacey Brady

Location:  Sedona

Presentation:  Preserving Families- Preventing Dependencies

Human Trafficking 101

Human Trafficking 101 is an introductory training that is designed to provide attendees with an overview on human trafficking. The presentation provides an in-depth look at the system of sex-trafficking, definitions, methods of recruitment, and barriers to escape. The audience will also learn about the economics of sex trafficking and how the “demand” is driving the market for sexual exploitation.

Learning Objectives:

  1. How to Identify Victims
  2. Define Force, Fraud and Coercion
  3. Understanding the victim mindset in a trafficking situation

Presenter(s):  Stacey Sutherland

Location:  Verde A/B

JUDGES ONLY SESSION: Being Trauma- Informed Improves Judicial Decision Making

Trauma-informed court responses can help to avoid re-traumatizing individuals, and thereby increase safety for all, decrease recidivism, and promote and support recovery of justice-involved women and men with serious mental illness. Partnerships across systems can also help to link individuals to trauma-informed services and treatment for trauma.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Increase understanding of trauma
  2. Create an awareness of the impact of trauma on behavior
  3. Develop trauma-informed responses

Presenter(s): Denise Beagley

Location:  Prescott

Trauma Informed Courts: Cradle to Crayons


Learning Objectives:

Presenter(s):  Maria Cristina Fuentes & Nicole Roskens

Location:  Granite Mountain

Community Supervision

Community Supervision is an essential component of all problem solving courts.  It is an effort to monitor the participants behavior and program compliance outside of the court room.  Community supervision is also a part of the participant’s support system offering advocacy and accountability.  Community supervision also assists in ensuring program integrity.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Learn who can provide community supervision, and creative supervision techniques
  2. Understand in greater detail the purpose of supervision, more than just office visits and home contacts
  3. Options for immediate responses to behavior outside of the court room

Presenter(s): Michelle Hart

Location: Clarkdale

Presentation:  Community Supervision

High on Our Highways: The Challenge of Drug Impaired Driving & Community Supervision

In 2016, 43% of fatally injured drivers in impaired driving crashes with a known test result, tested positive for drugs, more frequently than alcohol was present. The growing number of states having legalizing recreational marijuana and the increased abuse of prescription drugs have created an increased threat to our roadways.   Given that over two thirds of our criminal justice population is drug and/or alcohol involved, probation officers and treatment providers need to understand the challenge we face with drug impaired drivers. This interactive presentation will provide the audience information on the scope of our drug impaired driving problem, the use of assessment tools to determine risk and practical evidence based sentencing, supervision and monitoring strategies to address these behaviors.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Participants will identify drug impaired driving trends and their challenges
  2. Participants will identify how assessment tools can help determine risk for drug impaired drivers
  3. Participants will identify three supervision countermeasures and research based practices that jurisdictions should be using to reduce the possibility of re-offense by drug impaired drivers

Presenter(s):  Mark Stodola & Erin Holmes

Location:  Cottonwood

Maricopa County Youthful Offenders, Strategies & Progress Through the Years

Over the years, Maricopa County has utilized several different court strategies in reducing recidivism and achieving success with its transferred youth population. We will give an overview of those strategies through the years, the outcomes of recidivism, as well as our current process and its challenges.  This will include discussing what has worked well and what was changed and the barriers that helped make those changes. This presentation will also include the resources and strategies that have been implemented to achieve success with our fluctuating population of approximately 240 youthful offenders.

Learning Objectives:

The history of Maricopa County’s JTOP Court program over the past decade. Our current process, risk reduction strategies and barriers.

Presenter(s):  Melissa Monahan & Leigh Rupert

Location:  Sedona

Presentation:  Youthful Offenders

Joint Jurisdiction Wellness Courts

Tribes have limited and complex jurisdiction, restricting their ability to effectively respond. States struggle to provide culturally-appropriate services as well as ancillary services that are relevant and useful to participants that are from tribal communities. To combat these deficiencies, some jurisdictions have joined forces. Joint jurisdiction courts are an innovative model in which judges jointly share the bench. Jurisdiction is shared, and thus all-encompassing. This workshop will detail how several jurisdictions have realized this model for the betterment of their communities. Across the jurisdictions the legal landscape, historical context, needs of participants, availability of services, and personalities of the teams have all varied. But they share a desire to work together to maximize the outcomes for their participants.

Learning Objectives:  

  1. Identify the joint jurisdiction model and its history
  2. Review various iterations of the model, including in Minnesota, California, and Alaska
  3. Learn strategies for implementation and lessons learn for inter-jurisdictional collaboration

Presenter(s):  Lauren van Schlifgaarde

Location:  Verde A/B

Understanding Culturally Competent Treatment Needs of Persons Living with Brain Injury

Presentation will explore the role of cultural competence in setting treatment goals with persons living with a brain injury in special populations. Special emphasis will be given to opioid users, domestic violence victims, mental health and homelessness. Participants will have the ability to understand brain injury and the effects. Participants will examine brain injury and its intersection with special populations; Explore ways to incorporate brain injury cultural competence into setting obtainable treatment goals and understand the impact cultural competence plays in increasing positive outcome measures.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Increase brain Injury cultural competency
  2. Create culturally appropriate treatment goals
  3. Describe the impact of cultural competence in outcome measures

Presenter(s):  Malissa Mallet

Locations:  Prescott

Presentation:  Understanding Culturally Competent Treatment Needs of Persons Living with Brain Injury

Ways Clients Get Intoxicated on Over the Counter Medications

This training offers a broad review of items that are readily available in every community that can be used to become intoxicated.  Most methods discussed will not flash on standard urinalysis or salvia tests. Training will include methods currently trending, such as Kratom, Spice, Bath Salts, etc., as well as over the counter medications, inhalants, natural occurring plants and other less known designer drugs.  Training includes PowerPoint presentation, short videos demonstrating behaviors on a variety methods discussed, hands on with samples of several items discussed, followed by discussion and questions.

Learning Objectives:  

  1. Learn/identify several intoxicating substances used that will not affect drug testing results
  2. Identify behaviors consistent with use of non-traditional methods
  3. Ways to regain compliance and buy-in with participants using non-traditional methods of getting high

Presenter(s):  Allen Morris, Clint Dougherty, Derrick Lee

Location:  Granite Mountain

Mentor Professional Development

Prescott, AZ Boot Camp

Staff & Faculty Biographies


STACY HESTER is a U.S. Marine veteran who served 8 honorable years of active duty operating in the Intelligence Community. He is the owner of 3C-Consulting, LLC., a company focused on speaking, training & program development in support of veterans.  Before founding 3C-Consulting he worked at the Community Service Council of Greater Tulsa as the Mentor/Resource Coordinator where he researched, developed and implemented the mentor program for our nation’s third Veterans Treatment Court, which led to incredible mission and work he does with Justice For Vets. He is a professional affiliate at the Society for Military Psychology, a suicide intervention instructor and ASIST trained specialist, and incorporates suicide intervention into the programs he develops in support of veterans.  Currently, he leads community & program development for the V.A. grant, Supportive Services for Veteran Families (SSVF) in the state of Oklahoma. Stacy holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in English Language and Literature and is a published writer. Leaving no brother or sister behind doesn’t end after we’ve left active duty; the mission continues.


SCOTT TIROCCHI, M.A., M.S., L.P.C. served in the U.S. Army Reserves and the Rhode Island Army National Guard for a combined total of 21 years, his occupational specialty was a 31A (military police officer). While deployed to Afghanistan in 2003-2004, he served as Commander for the training and doctrine component of Training Assistance Group II to the Afghan National Army. He retired at the rank of Major. Mr. Tirocchi is a licensed behavioral health clinician and has an employment background rooted in treatment and criminal justice. Prior to coming on board with Justice For Vets, he was employed with the Rhode Island Judiciary, serving in a dual capacity as Deputy Director for their District Court’s Pretrial Services Unit and program coordinator for their veterans treatment court. He has served as a behavioral health clinician in correctional and hospital settings and in various community behavioral health agencies located in Rhode Island, Massachusetts and Connecticut. He has a Master of Arts in Human Development and Master of Science in Human Services. He resides in Providence County, Rhode Island.


PATRICK WELCH started his military career at 17 when he enlisted in the US Marine Corps. He went to Vietnam in 1965 and was severely wounded in action and was hospitalized for two years recovering from his wounds. Dr. Welch was an international hospitality industry executive for 48 years, has worked in over 50 countries and has been a CFO (Chief Financial Officer), COO (Chief Operating Officer), CEO (Chief Executive Officer) and owner of several businesses. In December 2007, he and his partners sold their business and retired. In January 2008, Dr. Welch received a call from the Erie County Executive asking him to serve as Director of Veterans Services for Erie County, NY and the 100,000 veterans who live there. At the same time, he was offered a position as an Adjunct Professor at Daemen College. It was also in January 2008, when Dr. Welch became involved in the Buffalo Veterans Treatment court as a veteran mentor. In 2010, he founded The Center for Veterans and Veteran Family Services at Daemen College in Amherst, NY. Today he concentrates his efforts strictly working with veterans involved in the criminal justice system with the Buffalo Veterans Treatment Court.

TIMOTHY WYNN is a United States Marine Corps Veteran who served from 1999- 2003. During his enlistment he was stationed at Camp Lejeune. He also served in Iraq during the initial invasion in 2003 with 2nd Military police Battalion. He was Honorably Discharged as a Sergeant (E-5).Timothy Wynn is currently a Veterans Certified Forensic Peer Specialist in the City of Philadelphia. He is the Coordinator of the Philadelphia Veterans Court Mentor program, which provides peer to peer support to veterans involved in the criminal Justice system. He is also a Certified T.R.E.M (Trauma Recovery empowerment Model) Facilitator. He holds groups twice a week inside Curran Fromhold Correctional Facility in Philadelphia, working with veterans who are incarcerated to help them manage the emotions from the trauma they have been exposed to and to divert them from returning to prison upon their release.  He is also an instructor on the crisis intervention team for the City of Philadelphia; he instructs Philadelphia Police officers on Military Culture, P.T.S.D and T.B.I and helps them find ways to get veterans into treatment instead of putting them in prison.